The M2A (mouth-to-anus) capsule endoscopy (CE) system utilitizes a wireless swallowable video camera to perform painless endoscopic imaging of the intestine especially in the evaluation of obscure bleeding.
How is Capsule Endoscopy Performed?
The CE is a 11mm x 26mm capsule (Vitamin-pill sized) that encases a digital camera, light source, batteries, and a transmitter. Natural peristalsis moves the M2A® Capsule smoothly and painlessly throughout the gastrointestinal tract, colour images are taken and transmitted to a recording device worn on a belt by the patient.
It takes approximately two hours for a gastroenterologist to review the series of images produced. The capsule has a gastric transit time of approximately one hour and a small intestinal transit time of three and a half to four hours.
Why is Capsule Endoscopy Performed?
Capsule Endoscopy helps your doctor determine the cause for recurrent or persistent symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, bleeding or anemia, in most cases where other diagnostic procedures failed to determine the reason for your symptoms.
How Should I Prepare for the Procedure?
- Bowel preparation the day before examination
- Do not eat or drink for 8 hours prior to undergo the Capsule Endoscopy
- The Sensor Array will be attached to your abdomen with adhesive pads and will be connected to the DataRecorder which you will wear in a belt around your waist
- Ingest the M2A Capsule with small amount of water
- After ingestion, do not eat or drink for 2 hours
- Resume fluid intake as your doctor advise
- At the end of 8 hours, the DataRecorder, RecorderBelt, and SensorArray will be removed
- Resume normal diet as your doctor advise
- Patients should keep a timed diary related to eating, drinking and daily activities on the examination day
What Happens After Capsule Endoscopy?
The images acquired during your exam will be downloaded to a workstation for physician review. The capsule will usually be eliminated through a normal bowel movement within 24 hours of ingestion. The capsule is discarded after one usage.
What are the risks of Capsule Endoscopy?
- After taken the capsule and until it is excreted, you should not have a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) examination or be near an MRI device
- Patient with pacemaker is not recommended for this examination
- If the capsule will not be excreted naturally, it will need to be removed endoscopically or surgically